What is CBD and What Does It Mean? A Beginners Guide

What is CBD and What Does It Mean? A Beginners Guide

If you’ve stumbled across this blog it’s probably because you're interested in the origins of CBD and it’s potential uses and benefits. We’ve pulled together some of the basic facts around CBD in this blog to hopefully give you a run down or an ‘ABC’ of CBD!

CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most famous compound of cannabis or hemp, only after THC. CBD has become an invaluable compound that can help with numerous health conditions with minimal side effects.

It’s estimated that the revenue of the CBD market will cross 20 billion in 2024 because of its increasing popularity and huge benefits. You can easily find various CBD products in any marketplace with varying quality and prices. Research has shown that CBD has the incredible ability to interact with the human body at the molecular level and help it perform physiological functions better.

If you’re curious about CBD, here is a quick guide on how it can help us.

Where does CBD come from?

CBD is an exogenous cannabinoid which is non-psychoactive and does not cause addiction. On the other hand, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) can cause mind-altering effects along with dependency. Both these cannabinoids are sourced from the cannabis genus of plants. THC is abundantly found in marijuana, is well known, and a controlled substance in many countries. Whereas the lesser known CBD is the active ingredient of hemp, also known as industrial hemp. Cannabis sativa plant contains less than 0.3% THC, so it is a safe source of CBD with less chance of intoxication. Leaves and buds of these plants are used to extract CBD oil through different extraction methods.

Owing to its popularity, CBD is now easily accessible worldwide through different products like oil, edible gummies, tinctures, capsules, vape e-liquids, dermal patches and topical creams, oils and gels.

Types of cannabis plants

Cannabis is a broad genus with many plant species and strains. The two most common types used to extract cannabinoids are Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indicia. The two species are different from each other in their physical appearance as well as chemical composition. Both species offer different psychoactive effects and varying levels of THC and CBD.

Cannabis Indica

The indicia strain originated in the Hindu Kush region of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The region's cold and harsh climatic conditions render the plant short with a bushy appearance. It has dark leaves and clumped buds with a larger quantity of THC and significantly low levels of CBD. It is a potent weed type primarily used for recreational purposes.

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa thrives in warmer climates of South Africa and Mexico. It has a significantly lower quantity of THC with a much higher level is CBD. Sativa species are known for producing energising effects and helping to maintain focus. It’s been found to help in improving symptoms of conditions like depression, anxiety and ADHD.


A brief overview of CBD benefits

CBD is available in different products that can be used according to personal preference. CBD stores and dispensaries offer CBD oil, capsules, tinctures, edible, lotions, creams, vapes and now dermal patches. Each of these delivery systems has its own pros and cons. Some are fast-acting, while others are more effective for pain in specific areas.

Cannabinoids like CBD and THC can interact with the body through the Endocannabinoid system (ECS). It is an essential component of the body that manages daily physiological functions.

CBD can have an indirect effect on the ECS and helps in the following:

Pain relief

CBD's Analgesic properties can help reduce nerve pain caused by diseases such as multiple sclerosis and diabetes.


CBD also possesses incredible anti-inflammatory properties, which has been shown to reduce excessive inflammation and decrease discomfort in conditions such as arthritis and endometriosis.


Research has proven that CBD can help manage seizures caused by different epileptic disorders.

Skin conditions

Topical CBD application can also help manage inflammatory skin conditions like eczema, acne and psoriasis.

Side effects of CBD

CBD is a safe compound that does not cause many serious side effects in most people. World Health Organisation says ‘… exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential’. However, noted side- effects of CBD depend on your own individual body chemistry and weight, and some of the most common side effects experienced are dry mouth, reduced appetite, and nausea. These side effects usually subside on their own and do not need any medical intervention.

You should, however, be aware that CBD inhibits the metabolism of some over the counter (OTC) medications, especially those handled by the cytochrome p450 enzyme family. It may lead to drug overdose, or the drug may be rendered useless at even higher doses.   

Such a situation may lead to liver toxicity, which can sometimes be fatal. So it’s recommended to avoid CBD with other OTC medicines to avoid any unwanted circumstances.

If you intend to take CBD or any other cannabinoid alongside prescribed or OTC medication, please speak to your doctor first.

We hope that this blog provides you with a brief understanding of CBD and we’d like to invite you to come on this journey with us to explore the benefits of CBD.

Stay Curious,

Scott & Claire

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